How do mutualisms persist over evolutionary time despite cheating? To what extent do genetic diversity and a symbiotic way of life influence each other? These questions are the focus of my research.
       More specifically, I address the mechanisms that promote the maintenance of mutualistic relationships in spite of evolutionary conflicts between partners.
       My ultimate goal is to build a comprehensive theory of mutualisms


Dept. Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
University of Toronto
25 Harbord Street
Toronto, ON, M5S 3G5
Location: 513 - Ramsay Wright bldg.
Email : pjg.male*a*

Elsewhere on the web…

Google Scholar: my profile
ORCID: 0000-0003-0896-726X
ResearchGate : my profile
ResearcherID: A-7618-2010
LinkedIn: my profile